Could Trump’s exit make it easier for Cuba to fight drug crime?

The smaller boat’s load lightened, and it escaped into the darkness heading north. But the Cuban cutter recovered 1,618 kilos of deserted marijuana floating within the ocean, in accordance to Cuban officers who described the incident to CNN.

Seven days later, the Cuban coast guard chased down a unique smuggling boat and arrested two Bahamians and a Jamaican citizen with greater than 730 kilos of marijuana on board.

Despite extreme penalties for traffickers who’re caught transporting medication by the island’s waters, Cuban officers say they’re experiencing a surge of over 50% in smuggling runs thus far this yr, relative to the identical interval the earlier yr.

Although the drug boats are skirting by Cuban waters, Cuba isn’t their vacation spot, because the home market for medication is small and penalties for even small unlawful drug possession are harsh. The boats are heading to the US, however typically come shut to Cuba on that journey.

So far in 2020, Cuban officers have seized or recovered almost 4 tons of medication from quite a few vessels. It’s normally marijuana, however often cannabis and cocaine as effectively, which marks a “significant increase” from 2019, stated Col. Osmar Hernandez de la O, the official accountable for the Cuban Border Guard for the southern finish of Cuba. This area contains the Windward Passage, traditionally a popular route for smugglers making an attempt to carry contraband by the Caribbean to the US.

The elevated smuggling is a major instance of what has come of deteriorating US-Cuban relations hitting their lowest level in a long time, after a short-lived burst of rapprochement in the course of the Obama years. The pattern, US and Cuban officers say, has left the nation much less geared up to fight drug smuggling, human trafficking and counter terrorism between Cuba and the US, due to severed ties between Cuban and US regulation enforcement.

The Trump administration has thwarted cooperation with Cuba, stated Hernandez de la O. But if that cooperation returns, “we can stop the boats and lessen the effects of the drugs entering the US.”

Ties started to deteriorate in 2017, when the Trump administration not solely levied punishing financial sanctions on the communist-run authorities however curtailed permission for US residents to journey to the island. The administration additionally successfully ended authorized remittances despatched from Cuban-Americans again to members of the family in Cuba and canceled a big selection of different Obama-era insurance policies, together with permitting US cruise ships to go to the island and Major League Baseball to recruit Cuban gamers.

As the incoming Biden administration and Cuban authorities take a look at how to reengage following 4 years of Cold War-era acrimony, cooperation on regulation enforcement once more may very well be a logical first step, officers in each international locations stated.

‘A leaping off level’

In 2017, within the ultimate days of the Obama presidency, the US and Cuba signed a regulation enforcement settlement that for the primary time created a authorized framework for the 2 neighboring international locations to work collectively on points like drug smuggling, human trafficking and counter terrorism.

Ben Rhodes, Obama’s then Deputy National Security Adviser who had led the key negotiations with Havana to open the way in which to normalizing relations, flew to Havana for the signing ceremony.

“It was clearly in our interest to have a cooperative relationship with a country 90 miles from Florida,” Rhodes instructed CNN. Cuba “had its own robust counter-narcotics capabilities and also serves as a jumping off point for migration to the US or smuggling efforts.”

Up till then, communication on drug smuggling was restricted to when Cuban officers alerted the Coast Guard in Miami to suspicious boats they noticed heading north or messages transmitted by way of the one US Coast Guard liaison officer stationed on the US Embassy in Havana.

Following the signing of the settlement, Cuban and US regulation enforcement businesses stated they’d three completely different conferences the place, for the primary time, members of various businesses had the power to share methods and intelligence in individual on threats that impacted either side of the Florida Straits.

Cuban military cadets at a military base just outside Santiago de Cuba haul contraband marijuana.

But after a ultimate assembly in January 2018, as Trump was making good on his promise to “tear up” the Obama opening with Cuba, Cuban officers say the strains of communication went lifeless.

“Trump’s hostile policies have marked a setback in relations,” stated Lt. Col. Imandra Oceguera Coll, a Cuban Border Guard official who took half in conferences with US counterparts and stated that the abrupt finish to the cooperation prevented US and Cuban regulation enforcement from finishing up plans to enhance safety between the 2 international locations.

Despite this coverage, she stated, “Cuba is willing to combat international drug trafficking. We have stopped tons of drugs from reaching the US.”

The Trump administration didn’t reply to CNN’s request for remark in regards to the regulation enforcement cooperation’s abrupt finish. During the US presidential election, Trump courted the closely conservative Cuban-American group in Florida and touted his cancelling of “the Obama-Biden sellout to the Castro regime.”

Drug trafficking’s lengthy sport

For years, critics of the Cuban authorities have contended that the communist-run island has hyperlinks to drug trafficking, pointing to a nonetheless murky affair from 1989 when a Cuban military basic with shut ties to then-President Fidel Castro and his youthful brother and then-Defense Minister Raul Castro, together with a handful of different officers, have been placed on public trial for smuggling and later executed.

More just lately, critics say Cuba’s key support for embattled Venezuelan chief Nicolas Maduro, who has been indicted by the US on drug trafficking fees, seemingly means Havana has on the very least regarded the opposite means about Venezuelan officers’ alleged smuggling operations. Maduro and different high Venezuelan officers have dismissed the trafficking fees as half of a bigger US effort to overthrow their socialist authorities. Cuban officers have additionally denied they’re concerned in drug trafficking in Venezuela, or anyplace else.

But whereas the State Department below the Trump administration waged a marketing campaign in opposition to imports of Cuban rum, tobacco and even, in the course of the peak of the pandemic, Cuban authorities medical doctors working overseas, US officers have quietly acknowledged that Cuba cooperates when it comes to counter narcotics.

“Cuba is not a major consumer, producer, or transit point of illicit drugs,” learn the US State Department’s 2020 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report. “Cuba dedicates significant resources to prevent illicit drugs and their use from spreading, and regional traffickers typically avoid Cuba.”

Before Trump’s shift on Cuba, the cooperation between the 2 international locations went each methods. Under the Obama administration, Cuban officers instructed CNN they have been working with US regulation enforcement to establish legal teams in Miami smuggling medication by industrial flights to Cuba, largely tablets like ecstasy and artificial marijuana, that are uncommon narcotics that demand excessive costs on the island.

“The stability that we have, the capable forces we have in the law enforcement community is not only a guarantee for the national security of Cuba but it’s also beneficial for the national security of the United States,” stated Yuri Gala López, a Cuban Foreign Ministry official.

Gala López stated the Cuban authorities is intent on recultivating the US connections cast in the course of the Obama years, which Biden’s marketing campaign additionally pressured, partly as a means to assist mediate with Venezuela, Cuba’s socialist ally.

The highway to rapprochement

To exhibit the rise in trafficking, Cuban officers in October invited CNN to see what they do with the medication they seize.

On a army base on the outskirts of Santiago de Cuba, Cuba’s second largest metropolis, officers opened a room the place seized medication are held behind two padlocks and two seals. The keys and seals belong to completely different Cuban regulation enforcement businesses and an armed guard stood outdoors.

“It’s impossible for any one person to gain access to this room,” stated Maj. Hermes Garcia Lauzao, a legal investigator with the Interior Ministry. The room, from flooring to ceiling, was full of unlawful medication recovered by regulation enforcement.

Bag by bag, younger army cadets hauled almost 3 tons of contraband marijuana into two massive flatbed dump vans. Some of the medication have been stuffed into rice sacks, others bursting from the seams of suitcases.

A sealed, padlocked and heavily guarded room brimming with drugs seized by Cuban officials.

Watching every load come out of the room have been a half dozen Cuban particular forces troops, all wearing black, some carrying computerized weapons, others cradling shotguns.

With the troopers using on high of the vans, a line of police and army automobiles sped by the streets of Santiago, the place residents pointed and gawked on the uncommon convoy.

At their vacation spot, a thermoelectric plant, a crane hoisted the medication to the roof to incinerate them in an industrial furnace that Cuban officers say burns at over 1,700 levels Celsius.

“This all could have ended up in the US,” says Garcia Lauzao, as the baggage emptied into the furnace the place they glowed brilliant crimson and gave off thick smoke and an unmistakable odor.

It is a degree that Cuban officers hope to get throughout to the incoming US administration in Washington.

Source link
#Trumps #exit #easier #Cuba #fight #drug #crime

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *