He stated that all through the previous 20 years, “the threat of terrorism has persisted, evolved and spread.”
Al-Qaida, which was answerable for the 9/11 assaults that killed nearly 3,000 individuals from 90 nations, remains to be proving resilient regardless of the lack of quite a few leaders, Voronkov stated. The Islamic State extremist group, which misplaced its self-declared caliphate in Iraq and Syria, remains to be finishing up assaults within the two nations “and seeking to reconstitute an external operations capability.”
Voronkov, who heads the U.N. Counter-Terrorism Office, stated terrorists have sought to exploit the COVID-19 disaster, “riding on the wave tops of polarization and hate speech amplified by the pandemic.”
Terrorists have shortly tailored to exploiting our on-line world and new applied sciences, linking with organized crime figures and discovering regulatory, human and technical gaps in nations, he stated.
“Their tactics are appealing to new groups across the ideological spectrum, including racially, ethnically and politically motivated violent extremist groups,” Voronkov stated.
Assistant U.N. Secretary-General Michele Coninsx known as the Security Council’s adoption of the U.S.-sponsored anti-terrorism decision on Sept. 28, 2001, “a seminal moment at which the council and international community acknowledged the severity of the threat posed by transnational terrorism.”
The decision ordered all nations to criminalize the financing of terrorist acts and ban recruitment, journey and secure havens for anybody concerned.
It additionally established a Counter-Terrorism Committee to monitor implementation of the decision. Coninsx heads the committee’s Executive Directorate, which was established in 2004 to assess how the U.N.’s 193 member nations are implementing counter-terrorism measures, suggest methods to handle gaps, facilitate technical help, and analyze counter-terrorism developments.
In current years, Coninsx stated, Islamic State associates have emerged in lots of locations, together with South Asia, Southeast Asia and a number of other areas of Africa — the Sahel, Lake Chad Basin and the continent’s south and east.
“The proliferation of extreme right-wing terrorism is also a cause of increasing concern,” she stated, including that included racially and ethnically motivated violence.
Britain’s Foreign Office minister of state, James Cleverly, urged higher consideration to “terrorist misuse of social media and other new technologies” and the longer-term affect of COVID-19 on “the terrorism dynamic.”
More particularly, Estonian Defense Minister Juri Luik warned, “We are facing new complex security challenges like cyber and hybrid threats and capabilities like drones that increase the real threat from terrorists to civilian populations and our men and women on operations and missions across the world.”
Ireland’s overseas minister, Simon Coveney, welcomed the committee’s efforts to assess the affect of the pandemic and careworn that “addressing the evolving threat from politically motivated violent extremism and terrorism, especially the growing number of far-right attacks, is part of our responsibility, too.”
U.S. deputy ambassador Richard Mills made no point out of the Capitol assault however stated “the United States takes the threat from racially or ethnically motivated terrorist attacks very seriously, and we continue to take action to combat that particular form of terrorism.”
“Last year, for the first time, the State Department designated a white supremacist group as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist,” he stated.
Mills additionally weighed in on the dispute between the council’s Western members and Russia and China over the significance of human rights in tackling terrorism.
It started with Britain’s Cleverly pointing to China’s “severe and disproportionate measures” in opposition to the Muslim minority Uighurs for example of counter-terrorism measures getting used “to justify egregious human rights violations and oppression.”
He stated Beijing’s detention of up to 1.8 million individuals in Xinjiang with out trial and different well-documented measures runs counter to China’s obligations below worldwide human rights legislation and to the Security Council’s requirement that counter-terrorism measures adjust to these obligations.
Chinese Ambassador Zhang Jun rejected Cleverly’s remarks as “groundless attacks,” calling them “purely politically motivated” with no foundation within the details.
“As a victim of terrorism, China has taken resolute measures to firmly fight terrorism and extremism,” Zhang stated. “Our action is reasonable, is based on law, and conforms to the prevailing practice of countries of the region.” He added that its actions defend minority rights.
Without naming China, Mills stated the United States “will continue to object to certain countries’ actions to engage in mass detention of religious minorities and members of other minorities, engage in repressive surveillance and mass data collection, and to use coercive poplation control like forced sterilization and abortion.”
Russian Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia known as the terrorist menace certainly one of at present’s “biggest challenges.” But he stated the Security Council and its counter-terrorism committee operations put “extra attention to rights aspects of countering terrorism to the detriment of priority security-related tasks.”
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